~* Wednesday, September 15, 2004 *~

The Hexagrams

The text of the I Ching describes each of the 64 hexagrams, and later scholars added commentaries and analyses of each one; these have been subsumed into the text comprising the I Ching.

01. |||||| Force (乾 qián)
02. :::::: Field (坤 kūn)
03. |:::|: Sprouting (屯 chún)
04. :|:::| Enveloping (蒙 méng)
05. |||:|: Attending (需 xū)
06. :|:||| Arguing (訟 sòng)
07. :|:::: Leading (師 shī)
08. ::::|: Grouping (比 bǐ)
09. |||:|| Small Accumulating (小畜 xiǎo chù)
10. ||:||| Treading (履 lǚ)
11. |||::: Prevading (泰 tài)
12. :::||| Obstruction (否 pǐ)
13. |:|||| Concording People (同人 tóng rén)
14. ||||:| Great Possessing (大有 dà yǒu)
15. ::|::: Humbling (謙 qiān)
16. :::|:: Providing-For (豫 yù)
17. |::||: Following (隨 suí)
18. :||::| Corrupting (蠱 gǔ)
19. ||:::: Nearing (臨 lín)
20. ::::|| Viewing (觀 guān)
21. |::|:| Gnawing Bite (噬嗑 shì kè)
22. |:|::| Adorning (賁 bì)
23. :::::| Stripping (剝 bō)
24. |::::: Returning (復 fù)
25. |::||| Without Embroiling (無妄 wú wàng)
26. |||::| Great Accumulating (大畜 dà chù)
27. |::::| Swallowing (頤 yí)
28. :||||: Great Exceeding (大過 dà guò)
29. :|::|: Gorge (坎 kǎn)
30. |:||:| Radiance (離 lí)
31. ::|||: Conjoining (咸 xián)
32. :|||:: Persevering (恆 héng)
33. ::|||| Retiring (遯 dùn)
34. ||||:: Great Invigorating (大壯 dà zhuàng)
35. :::|:| Prospering (晉 jìn)
36. |:|::: Brightness Hiding (明夷 míng yí)
37. |:|:|| Dwelling People (家人 jiā rén)
38. ||:|:| Polarising (睽 kuí)
39. ::|:|: Limping (蹇 jiǎn)
40. :|:|:: Taking-Apart (解 xiè)
41. ||:::| Diminishing (損 sǔn)
42. |:::|| Augmenting (益 yì)
43. |||||: Parting (夬 guài)
44. :||||| Coupling (姤 gòu)
45. :::||: Clustering (萃 cuì)
46. :||::: Ascending (升 shēng)
47. :|:||: Confining (困 kùn)
48. :||:|: Welling (井 jǐng)
49. |:|||: Skinning (革 gé)
50. :|||:| Holding (鼎 dǐng)
51. |::|:: Shake (震 zhèn)
52. ::|::| Bound (艮 gèn)
53. ::|:|| Infiltrating (漸 jiàn)
54. ||:|:: Converting The Maiden (歸妹 guī mèi)
55. |:||:: Abounding (豐 fēng)
56. ::||:| Sojourning (旅 lǚ)
57. :||:|| Ground (巽 xùn)
58. ||:||: Open (兌 duì)
59. :|::|| Dispersing (渙 huàn)
60. ||::|: Articulating (節 jié)
61. ||::|| Centre Confirming (中孚 zhōng fú)
62. ::||:: Small Exceeding (小過 xiǎo guò)
63. |:|:|: Already Fording (既濟 jì jì)
64. :|:|:| Not-Yet Fording (未濟 wèi jì)
The hexagrams, though, are mere mnemonics for the philosophical concepts embodied in each one. The philosophy centres around the ideas of balance through opposites and acceptance of change.

Exerpt from Wikipedia

Components of Hexagrams

The solid line represents yang, the masculine, creative principle. The open line represents yin, the feminine, receptive principle. These principles are also represented in a common circular symbol (☯), known as taijitu (太極圖), but more commonly known in the west as the yin-yang (陰陽) diagram, expressing the idea of complementarity of changes: when Yang is at top, Yin is increasing, and the reverse.

In the following lists, the trigrams and hexagrams are represented using a common textual convention: horizontally from left to right, using '|' for yang and ':' for yin. Note, though, that the normal diagrammatic representation is to show the lines stacked vertically, from bottom to top (i.e. to visualize the actual trigrams or hexagrams, rotate the text counterclockwise 90°).

There are eight possible trigrams (八卦 bā guà).

||| Force (☰ 乾 qián) = heaven (天)
::: Field (☷ 坤 kūn) = earth (地)
|:: Shake (☳ 震 zhèn) = thunder (雷)
:|: Gorge (☵ 坎 kǎn) = water (水)
::| Bound (☶ 艮 gèn) = mountain (山)
:|| Ground (☴ 巽 xùn) = wind (風)
|:| Radiance (☲ 離 lí) = fire (火)
||: Open (☱ 兌 duì) = swamp (澤)
The first three lines, the lower trigram, are seen as the inner aspect of the change that is occurring. The upper trigram, the last three lines, are the outer aspect. The change described is thus the dynamic of the inner (personal) aspect relating to the outer (external) situation. Thus, hexagram 04 :|:::| Enveloping, is composed of the inner trigram :|: Gorge, relating to the outer trigram ::| Bound.

Exerpt From Wikipedia

I ching Structure

The I Ching symbolism is embodied in a set of 64 abstract line arrangements called hexagrams (卦 guà). These are each composed of six horizontal lines (爻 yáo); each line is either Yang (unbroken, a solid line), or Yin (broken, an open line with a gap in the centre). With six such lines stacked from bottom to top in each hexagram, there are 26 or sixty-four possible combinations and thus sixty-four hexagrams.

Each hexagram is made of two trigrams. There are 8 possible trigrams.

Each hexagram represents a state, a process, a change happening at the present moment. When an hexagram is casted, it is possible for one, many or all of the lines to be determined to be moving, ("old", or "instable") lines, i.e. their polarity is in the process of reversal and thus the meaning of the hexagram is completed and the "target" hexagram resulting from these changes is also considered.

Note that because the lines in the hexagrams are traditionally determined by biased random-number generation procedures, the 64 hexagrams are not equiprobable if generated in these ways.

There are a few formal arrangements of the trigrams and hexagrams with a traditional context. The bā gùa is a circular arrangement of the trigrams, traditionally printed on a mirror, or disk. Legend states that Fu Hsi found the bā gùa on the scales of a tortoise's back.

The King Wen sequence is considered the authoritative arrangement of the hexagrams.

Excerpt from Wikipedia

September 2004